Estimates worry. About 20 percent of people in Salta have fatty liver, almost the same percentage as at the national level. Although there are no symptoms, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis usually occurs in people with a particular medical profile. These are overweight patients, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol or triglycerides, or a combination of these health problems known as the "metabolic syndrome". However, it can also occur in people who do not have these characteristics, but report excessive fat consumption.
Announcing Salt's assessment, physician Analía Cabezas warned that until a few years ago cirrhosis was considered a disease that directly related to the consumption of alcohol and some drugs and medicines. But there are other diseases that have to do with the prevalence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.
Professionals of the Hospital del Milagro are taking care of patients with suspected illness. "The goal is to stop more serious cases on time." Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis can be treated with two basic activities: healthy eating and exercise, "explained gastroenterologist Felix Aldana.
In the country, obesity rates increase in both adults and children and adolescents. A diet rich in calories, fats and sugars, with a lack of physical activity, causes diseases such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, which are identified as fatty liver.
Aldana stated that a person with a body index of less than 25% (some skinny) can still have fatty liver. "People who exceed 25% of the body mass index, in 45% also have fatty liver," said a gastroenterologist. Patients coming into the gastroenterology area, under the supervision of doctors Alberto Marshall, usually do so due to uneasiness in the stomach. "The diagnosis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis has been observed in most cases when 30 percent of the liver is already endangered," said Cabezas.
However, simple ultrasound and blood tests allow detection. The gastroenterologist said that ultrasound is a good diagnostic method because it is accessible.
In the case of those over 60 years old, a fatty liver is presented along with what is called accompanying diseases, such as hypothyroidism, diabetes and metabolic syndrome, among others.
In the population of children and youth, obesity causes more cases of fatty liver. Aldana said that preventive action can be taken in these situations.
"They have to do more to promote sports or physical activity among young people and, in addition, have a healthy diet," added Cabezas.
A specialist in gastroenterology in the liver has pointed out that through a series of tests you can see enzymes that identify the latent presence of fatty liver, thus maintaining a recommendation to have a healthy life.
"It's not that you do not eat more chips," Aldana said. He said that moderate consumption should be done during the week.
Experts have warned that currently young people and children have a large amount of worthless foods and sweet drinks, which leads to metabolic changes and obesity.
"Physical activity of the aerobic type must be promoted so that calories burn out and these ailments are avoided," they said.
Activities to prevent hepatitis
Health presented a plan that includes capital and the interior.
Within the celebration of the World Day Against Hepatitis, which is remembered on July 28, the Ministry of Public Health, through its dependencies, carries out promotion and prevention activities as part of an international strategy that is developing to control infections of liver-related viruses.
Hospital Dr. Arturo Oñativia will conduct counseling on prevention, rapid testing and hepatitis B and C, from 9am to 1pm, on Monday, October 22nd and October 29th.
On Wednesday, July 24th, prevention and rapid testing of hepatitis, from 9 to 12, will be held at the Health Center in El Pilar.
The HIV health program will be located in the fourth IV century, on Friday, July 26, from 9 to 13, with the day of prevention and rapid testing of hepatitis B and C.
In the Healthy Neighborhood Home on June 20, from 9 to 12, on Monday 29th, prevention and rapid testing of hepatitis will be conducted, and the vaccine will be placed on the target group.
The Laboratory of the Milagro Hospital will perform rapid tests, tips on hepatitis B and C and prevention, from 9 to 13, on Monday 29 and Tuesday 30 th.
Likewise, in the neighboring health center Solidaridad, on Wednesday, August 7, from 9 to 13, the activities will include prevention, rapid hepatitis testing, and vaccination for hepatitis B.
In the hospital J.A. Fernández, Molinos, Prevention, Rapid Testing, Hepatitis B and C, and Vaccination for Hepatitis B will be held on Monday, July 22 and Friday, July 26, from 8 to 13.
On Wednesday, May 24th, on the main Campo Quijano square will be distributed topic and prevention, from 9 to 13 hours.
The days of prevention, rapid testing and counseling on hepatitis B and C will be performed on Thursday, 25th and Monday 29th July at La Poma Hospital, 8-12.
Coronel Moldes activities will include rapid testing and counseling on hepatitis B in the central city square on Friday, 26th of the current 9-13.
The question can save lives
Opinion Adrián Gadano Hospital Italiano Bs.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is popularly known as "fatty liver" and affects 30% of the world's population. If it is not diagnosed and not controlled, it can worsen and have serious consequences for the patient's health. Silent diseases are more and more frequent and we need to pay attention. This is the month of consciousness about non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH-NASH), and it is necessary to become aware and learn more about this disease in order to avoid its consequences.
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is a NAFLD form that is often "quiet" and most people who know it have no idea. In the long term, it can cause serious consequences for the patient, and its cause is not excessive alcohol consumption, but excessive fat loss in the liver.
It is a chronic disease, that is, it affects health over many years and usually occurs in middle-aged people, especially in those over 50 years, with obesity or overweight. In addition, patients with type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, or triglycerides, or a combination of these health problems known as the "metabolic syndrome", will more often suffer from NASH. However, this can also affect healthy people who have normal weight, and can also occur in children. Keep in mind that our country keeps the rate of obesity in Latin America.
As for the diagnosis of NASH, in the first stage of the disease, it is possible that the patient has little or no symptoms. Fat tissue may appear in the liver on the ultrasound of the abdomen or in small changes in the blood during routine examination. In advanced stages, a person can be tired, weak and even lose weight. In general, the diagnosis of NASH was confirmed by a liver biopsy. Generally speaking, we can say that NASH can be suspected in patients with abnormal liver function tests and without obvious reasons for liver disease. Sometimes ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging for other reasons shows an enlarged liver or detects the presence of fat.
Since this disease is unknown to the majority of the population, it is necessary to become aware and realize that it can become a serious, but controlled disease, leading to healthy habits and eating habits. If it is not controlled, it may deteriorate, cause damage to the liver and scar, and eventually this organ may not function, it can even degenerate into the liver carcinoma or if liver transplantation is urgently needed to avoid the patient's death.
Currently, this disease is one of the leading causes of liver transplantation in Argentina and the world. For this reason, it is necessary to take into account that NASH exists, ask how my liver is?, Consult with your doctor, and, if diagnosed, consult a specialist for the treatment based on healthy habits.
It is advisable to talk to your doctor and to respect certain important factors to avoid or deal with the disease the best way. Among them are: maintain a healthy weight, follow a balanced diet, low levels of sugar and saturated fat, increase or strengthen aerobic exercise, avoid alcoholic beverages, and check with your doctor the medications you use to reduce possible liver problems On the other hand, weight reduction in healthy The range can help to prevent NAFLD from deteriorating and can even reverse the disease. Currently, there is no special pharmacological treatment approved, but in the world, as well as in our country, new research is under way for treatment. As a healthcare worker, I reiterate the importance of talking about this issue, because setting the right question saves lives. How is your liver?