Thursday , April 22 2021

One day in the life of a Curiosity robot exploring Mars

AFP / Greenbelt, USA

126 million miles from here, only in the red and cold weather of Mars, a small 4×4-size robot starts in the morning.

Wait for your instructions, just like everyday for six years. At 9:30, the time of Mars is an hour before the California Quarter: The 10-meter forward will be 45 degrees and will continue automatically until now.

The interest, as mentioned, gradually moves from 35 to 110 meters per hour. Batteries and other restrictions range from 100 meters to 220 meters per day.

There are 17 cameras on the robot taking pictures of the surrounding environment. Its lasers stones. When it comes to attractive stones, it stops taking a few grams of grains.

At 17:00 local time, the robot expects one of NASA's three satellites to move to orbit around Mars: a few hundred megabytes and then to the main antenna of a person.

Miniature Laboratory

On the first floor of 34 NDC's Goddard Space Center, an hour before Washington, scientists will analyze this data every day. In a large room full of tools and computers, he looks for signs of the life of Mars.

Curiosity Interiors Miniature Survey: A chemical laboratory based on the size of a microwave oven called SAM.

Charles Malcesin, deputy head of the Curiosity Research Group, draws attention to the tools in the work plan: they are shortened and tightened inside the robot.

This is the most sophisticated tool NASA has ever sent to another planet, "says Malespin, who has dedicated his professional life since 2006. SAM analyzes the samples by heating them up to 1000 ° C.

During the preparation rock and ground gas emit gas. Then, these gases are separated and analyzed and dispatched to the fingerprints of the specimen.

In the annual period, French researcher Maeva Milan compared these chemical traces with experiments in known molecules. When imitating the curves, he says, "This is my good molecule.

Thanks to SAM, Mars has complex organic molecules and the surface of the planet is old, and geologically smaller than scientists.

If we want to go to Mars, it's not worth the money to import existing resources, like Malespin, for example, referring to water. We can dig the soil, heat it up, and release the water; He says that we have enough water to carry an oven.

It is also used for various materials that can be fuel for future rocket-service stations.

No shift

On the other side of the United States, there are about 15 men and women in charge of the Chorro Laboratory in Princeton, Pasadena Prosulus, Los Angeles.

The sun's favorite moment is when I sit down to see Mars, Curiosity said on the other side of the phone, and another robot, the Opportunity, who was frustrated in June – Frank Hartman.

The work of the drivers is the planning of the March, which will last for 24 hours and 40 minutes of the robot, and order it to be performed. Unless you have a joystick or real-time communications, it is unlikely that you will be able to predict future difficulties such as saturation or stagnant grounding on Curiosity wheels.

We have to keep in mind that we do not know anything about this place, "says Hartman. For many years, scientists and drivers have joined their robots. When the opportunity broke, after 14 years, Hartman and his team felt like crying. He says:

The interest since 1975 has reached 19.75 kilometers. In one year he must reach his goal: Mount Sharp. A few months later, your Marsian monopoly loses. In 2020, two American and European robots are expected to land on the planet.

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