This Friday marks the World Day of Arterial Hypertension. A disease known as a "silent killer" because in most cases it is not an obvious symptomatology.
The goal of this day, promoted by the Colombian League against heart attack and hypertension, is to raise awareness and inform the population of the need to prevent and treat high blood pressure (HBP) in order to prevent cardiovascular disease.
Luis Moya Jiménez, president of this league, says it's important to know what is pressing our heart pumps because if it is above normal limits, it is exposed to deadly accidents such as heart attack, stroke or kidney failure.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the world and hypertension, the main risk factor. In Colombia, this disease is the leading cause of death, according to data from March 2019. According to Dane, at the top of the list are ischemic heart disease, with 37,848 cases, and cerebrovascular disease, with 15,393 cases.
"It is therefore the responsibility of sensitizing the population to address the prevention and promotion of this disease, because 25 percent of the world's population is hypertensive," says Moya.
More than 17 million people die every year in the world for this reason. In Colombia, of 100 patients with hypertension, 50% is diagnosed, only 40% initiate treatment, and 50% leave this group. This means that out of 100 patients treated only 10, and 90 are at risk.
Lifestyle plays an important role in controlling the pressure. The expert's advice is to: avoid the processed foods rich in salt, excess weight, stress, sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol, smoking, drinking alcohol, sweet drinks, and even common medicines, such as anti-influenza or some analgesics. Another important factor is the knowledge of the existence of family history.
It is crucial to keep in mind that blood pressure in most cases increases with age, People who have obese or have obesity are more likely to develop it, because excess fatty tissue increases blood pressure; stress, inactivity, alcoholic beverages, salt and smoking are the worst enemies of the heart.