The rapidly increasing number of cases of chronic wasting diseases occur on deer farms and farmers and hunting ranchs in Wisconsin, and at the same time the state has withdrawn rules and procedures designed to limit the spread of fatal brain disease among captured and wild deer.
Since 2013, when the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection has begun to release some facilities of captured deer with infected animals to continue, additional cases of CWD have been developed within these facilities, according to interviews and documents obtained in accordance with the Law on open records of the state.
After the reign of Scott Woker, he announced "aggressive new actions" against CWD, lawmakers rejected a rule of urgency to limit hunters to launch deer hulls from districts affected by fatal brain disorders.
In the meantime, fencing enhancement requirements are being considered for trapped red deer and other cervids, including the elephant – but these proposals face a major opposition from plant owners who say that such a request does not guarantee stopping the spread of CWD and can get them out of business.
National CWD expert Bryan Richards said that the current approach to Wisconsin that allows objects with CWD-infected animals to continue to work pose a serious threat to the state's wild deer population, which saw more than 4,400 infected deer from the first CWD case in 2002.
Wisconsin now has more CWD-positive farms than any other nation in the nation, said Richards, who works for Geological Survey in the US at the National Wildlife Protection Center in Madison.
There are still nine CWD-positive deer facilities that are still in business – seven of which saw additional CWD cases on their holdings, according to the DATCP records
"The existence of CWD in these facilities is a clear, persistent, and probably increasing risk for the integrity of wild deer on the other side of the fence," Richards said.
However, a DATCP official said that the goal of the approach is to keep CWD and keep it from the wild deer population. By 2013, CWD-positive objects in Wisconsin were killed and locations were disinfected.
The new approach "aims to alleviate the risk of disease … beyond the fence," said Amy Horn-Delzer, veterinary program manager.
Horn-Delzer added that it was the owners of the facilities to manage the spread of the disease within their properties.
"We do not want to risk other farms for breeding," she said. "We do not want to risk the wild deer population, so that's the risk we're looking at."
Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say it is unclear whether this ever-deadly disease can be transmitted to humans, although research suggests that flesh of CWD-positive reindeer can infect mother monkeys. Signs of disease, which affect deer and elk, include weight loss, tackling, salivation and aggression.
There are 380 registered commercial deer and elk operations in Wisconsin that spread across almost every county in the country. Some of them have been in operation since the 1970s and are generally classified into two categories: farm farms and hunting ranchs.
Breeding farms raise reindeer to sell slaughter and wreckage that sell hunting experiences in fenced properties. They also sell deer to other farms who want to introduce new genetic lines into their herd. The industry has long been criticized by some hunters who believe that animals and hunting animals behind the fence give hunters an unfair advantage over their prey.
There were 300 CWD-positive tests on 24 game and hunting ranchs in Wisconsin, according to state records. Most of them have been found since 2013 – the same year when the DATCP, which shared farmers' regulations with the State Ministry of Natural Resources, began to allow hunting wounds and breeding farms to continue to operate despite diseases being in their premises.
Before 2013, all animals in commercial reindeer operations that were positive for CWD were killed. State law allows the authorities to test animals and, if justified, kill herds to avoid the spread of the disease. The owners can get up to $ 3,000 of state and federal funds for every animal that is euthanized.
Hunting ranch open despite 84 CWD cases
But there are exceptions to the rules.
Wilderness Game Farm Inc. operates in two breeding farms and a hunting ranch in the Portage County, and hunting ranchs in the counties of Marathon and Shawano. Since 2013, at the Hunting County County Marathon called Wilderness North there have been 84 CWD cases.
Despite the fact that they have more positive cases than any other tailings operation in Wisconsin, ranch continues to sell lures at a price between $ 4,000 and $ 9,000, with the option of "Gold Hunt" – without a price – promising henna with horns of 200 inches, including all points.
Email from Wilderness Game Farm Greg Flees, State Veterinarian of DATCP Paul McGraw and Horn-Delzer Program Manager show mandatory quarantines issued after the discovery of 2013 allow Fleksi to move deer from their breeding farms, who did not have CWD detection, His hunting ranch. One of them, Comet Creek in Shawano County, had six positive tests for deer for CWD since 2017.
Goods are second generation farmers. He said his family had grown up since the 1970s. Since then, Flees has become one of the most famous names in the farmer's industry both in Wisconsin and throughout the country. The rivers said when the test results became positive from the ranch hunting in the marathon county, he did not believe it.
"All right, we are enclosed in that property and we have moved a lot of these deer, we never took a deer from anywhere else except this farm that never had a positive result," says Flees. "We set them up for that property, and when they were in that landscape, for a while we suddenly began to get some positives."
Rivers said it was possible that the CWD was already on the property or was brought to it by cleaning, birds or food products such as corn or alfalfa. A study in 2015 shows that the wrongly slaughtered protein that causes CWD, known as prion, can be taken from the soil to plants and infect deer.
The proposed emergency regulations – then they fell
In May, Walker announced a series of actions aimed at slowing the spread of CWD. He called on the DATCP to draw up an extra rule requiring the improvement of the fence and prohibition of the movement of live deer from the 55 counties in the state listed as CWD, which means that the infected deer was detected there or within 10 miles of the county.
The republican governor also called on the state DNR to create urgent rules that would prohibit hunters from transporting deer-hulls from districts listed as CWDs that were affected by disadvantaged districts.
"We need to protect Wisconsin hunting traditions and long-term heritage by working together to prevent the spread of chronic diseases in deer," Walker said.
Despite this, the Citizens' Committee of the DATCP, composed of the nominee from Woker, voted not to take any action at the request of the governor for emergency regulations. Now, the agency seeks a longer, regular process of producing rules that requires a dual or improved fence for elves and other non-whitetail farms and forbids farms to transport live animals from countries affected by CWD.
The Natural Resources Committee, which also had Walker personnel, continued with an emergency rule to request an improved fence, including another 8 meter high fence or electric fence for whitetail deer farms.
In October, the Joint Audit Committee of Administrative Rules, which controls the republican legislation, revising the regulations on the agency, has voted to maintain the requirements for the fence for the deer farm, but has eliminated the urgent DNR rule that would limit the movement of venison from the district affected by CWD this loving season.
While the surviving committee, the DNR rules on the fence have already been amended by the Board of Directors of the Agency so that by September 2019 the industry would comply with the new regulations.
This time period is significant because the extraordinary rule expired on February 27, 2019. When DNR staff were asked if this meant farmers could wait until the rule expired to avoid improved requirements for fences, said the Lohans chief for the DNR initiative In the e-mail policy, the agency is working on a permanent rule to avoid it.
Scott Goetzk of Warrens, a hunting and hunting owner, says the cost of alignment is too much for him and other deer deer in the country.
"Because I feel that this is politically encouraged – not a science and veterinary science – two years from now, if they do not like it or CWD continues to spread, they will get to something else you have to do," Goetzka said. "They basically legalized you from work."
Deer farmers are looking for answers
No matter how he got to his hunting ranch – or the state in that area – Flexi say that he and other deer farmers in Wisconsin are seeking genetics to fight chronic illness.
Last year, Flees said he worked with a researcher to give birth to deer with genetic markers that show resistance to CWD. The baby hopes for five years, he could have a resistant flock.
"Let the farmers do our job, and if we get this resistance, we think the state can do it in its flock."
Other research suggests that it may take a long time before such answers are available.
"We do not know how protein prion proteins can change over time in order to influence the infection and mortality of different genotypes and reindeer populations," said Michael Samuel, a professor of wildlife ecology emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-Madison . "There are still many unknowns that clearly predict the long-term development of CWD resistance."
In the meantime, the spread of CWD across Wisconsin continues. On November 15, another reindeer ranch tested a positive disease in the Portage region, giving the total number of facilities tested positively since 2002 to 24 years.
"I think the challenge with CWD is found in the wild and on the farms," said Konkle, Acting State Veterinarian. "We do not know what happened first and, at this moment, I'm not sure that this is important. It is a challenge for our agencies dealing with the farm of erected deer and wild deer to try to control it."