A new study conducted on transgender, gender non-conforming, gender and non-binary students found that they were exposed to greater disparities or mental health problems compared to their counterparts.
Study published in the & # 39; American Journal of Preventive Medicine & # 39; she found that students from a gender minority whose gender identity differs from the gender assigned to them at birth are two to four times more likely to have mental health problems than their other peers.
"There has never been a more important time for colleges and universities to take steps to protect and support trans, rocker and non-binary students on campus," said study leader Sarah Ketchen Lipson, an assistant professor of medical school at Boston University Law, Policy and Management.
Researchers studied rates of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, self-harm, and suicide in a sample of more than 1,200 minority students from 71 colleges and universities.
About 78% of gender students enrolled in the study met criteria for one or more mental health problems, with nearly 60% of gender minority students being positive for clinically significant depression compared to 28% of cisgender students whose gender was assigned birth. coincides with their current gender identity.
These findings came from the analysis of two waves of data collected between Fall 2015 and Spring 2017 through the Healthy Mind Study.
She used clinically validated screening methods for symptoms of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and other mental health issues and conducted research that included space for participants to fill in their assigned gender at birth as well as their current gender identity, allowing researchers to filter their analysis and focus on the collective mental health of gender minority students.
"Reports that more than 40 percent of transgender people have attempted suicide during their lifetime have suggested that there is a large and disproportionate burden of disease among [people in the gender minority] that public health research can help solve problems, ”says Julia Raifman, co-author of the study.
He also emphasized the fact that college dropout rates are higher among transgender students and that they experience almost constant discrimination and harassment.
Bathrooms and condos are one of the most stressful areas on college campuses for transgender students, and research shows that transgender college students are at high risk of suicide and attempted suicide when denied access to gender-appropriate bathrooms and college campus housing.
"Mental health outcomes, as well as negative educational outcomes such as dropouts, can be prevented. The most effective way to prevent this would be through policy changes. Inclusive policies are necessary to advance capital. And that's what I really want this data to discuss, "Lipson suggested.
(This story was posted from a wire agency feed with no text changes.)
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Aug 17, 2019. 6:19 PM IST