Real estate worth more than 2 million is paying more IMI, plastic bags after all do not become expensive, a new civil protection rate has been hit, and has also taken a leading ban on shooting pigeons
(This article is updated during the day with the most significant votes in the Budget that are held in the Republic Assembly)
On the third day of the vote on the state budget in 2019, specialization began with the approval of the proposals by left-wing parties in order to create one more step in the additional IMI. The morning was marked by voting on VAT in bullfighting, which reflected party PS in half – 43 deputies voted for a socialist proposal, which predicted that VAT fell to 6%; Another 40 votes against. Debate and voting in specialty have already been completed and around 33 hours have been devoted to the budget, but the final debate and the final global voice that will be held on Thursday will be missing.
Observer in this article summarizes the main novelty of this third and last day of the specialty questionnaire that is already counting between Monday and Tuesday with more than 17 hours of voting.
Parliament approved the creation of another step in the additional IMI. PS, Left Block and PCP voted for communist and blocist proposals that envision the introduction of the fourth step. Assets whose taxable value is estimated above two million euros will therefore pay a rate of 1.5% of the additional IMI.
So far, there have been only three categories: first, which covered the estimated assets between zero and 600 thousand euros, on which there is no additional fee; or other step included assets worth between 600,000 euros and one million and pay 0,5%; third it affected all real estate over a million euros at a rate of 1%. In practice, the first two remain unchanged, and the third will cover the estimated assets between one and two million, keeping the rate of 1%. In addition, the creation of a The fourth step above 2 million euros, whose rate is set at 1.5%.
This was a move that left-wing parties advocated from the first negotiations on the state budget for 2019. It was not part of the first version that generally voted, but now it enters the document with the proposed amendments.
Extension of support to fire victims in 2017 was approved for fire victims last summer in the counties of Monchique, Silves, Portimão and Odemir. Only PS voted against this proposal for an amendment to the leftist bloc, which considers it "important, as urgently, to support all the victims affected by these districts, to return apartments, equipment and other basements and to ensure the restoration of production potentials."
Another PAN victory in the 2019 state budget proposal based on specialty. As well as the end of VAT exemption for voters and a change of 6%, it is now the turning of parties – PSD, CDS and PCP – to align in order to guess the agreement that PAN had with the Government to increase the price of light plastic bag, the same They bought in supermarkets for shopping, for example.
Plastic bags should be increased from 8 to 12 cents. With VAT, plastic bags cost 10 cents and increase to 15 cents with a budgetary standard. But this increase will no longer be.
PSD and CDS have succeeded in removing the ban on the capture of any birds in captivity, which necessarily refers to birds abandoned by birds. This measure was part of a government proposal, following an agreement with the People-Animal-Nature (NAP) party, which included other measures such as ending circulation free circulation for bureaucrats or raising the cost of plastic bags.
The end of the shoot – popularly known as shooting pigeons – achieved PSD, CDS and PCP, with PS votes against and Left Bloc.
Despite the resolutions adopted against the increase in government since 2016 and the political statements of various parties that are urging the government to fulfill the promise to remove it, this tax rate will remain.
Last Friday, the government eliminated the additional tax on gasoline by the decree, but retained oil. Now, in the vote on the budget, the proposal had to be returned to the law, and PS, PCP and Levi block that prevented this additional amount from falling, in the still remaining part on diesel.
So far, the Treasury has no detailed data for the control of taxpayers who have arranged their capitals under these amnesties. With the approval of this proposal, the Bank of Portugal and the banks will have to give tax authorities a declaration of taxpayers who have adhered to these RERTs.
Visas will also need to, when tax authorities examine them and claim to have adhered to one of these schemes, provide tax authorities with detailed information about the operations concerned, the previous operations and the entities that assisted them in these operations. The bloc noted that the Treasury had warned that the authorities did not have the capacity or information to know whether they were investigating the facts before or after these amnesties, as they called for visas whenever they agreed to this regime.
From now on, the Treasury will be able to distinguish which operations are covered by these amnesties and which are omitted and have more information about these taxpayers, whenever they are the subject of the investigation.
PS did not want, but the left block proposal had PSD and left block support. Thus, in the first half of next year, Banco de Portugal will have to provide information to the Tax Administration on transfers to entities with more favorable privileged tax regimes.
This information must be given in detail, with the transfer number by number and value, grouped by destination and the reason for any such transfer.
The proposal was just an explanation, similar to that already made for long career contributions. Proposals of PCP and PS have been jointly adopted and therefore the workers of public slaughterhouses of the autonomous region of Azores who receive a pension through Caixa Geral de Aposentações will also be able to retire at 55 years without any punishment, similar to what has already happened to workers who received the reform through social security.
The government introduced a number of tax breaks in the proposed state budget for 2019 to encourage young people to choose internal universities. Among these benefits is the increase in the IRS tax deduction for 10 percentage points and an increase in the amount of tax that can be recovered to 1000 euros.
With the approval of the PSD and PS proposals, which are the same, this tax relief applies to all those who decide to study at the universities and polytechnics of the autonomous regions of the Azores and Madeira.
Another benefit created in the proposed budget for students who choose for internal universities is to increase the possible deduction value in real estate rental. The law stipulates that the deduction may reach a maximum of 502 euros per year, but will increase for these students to 1,000 euros, almost double.
The proposal adopted Wednesday in Parliament requires that anyone who wants to use this scheme – which lasts for a maximum of three years – must report to the tax authorities on the number of people in the household studying at universities in the interior, even if the proof of income shows that there has been a change in permanent residence on the territory of the interior.
The Left Bloc, PCP, PSD and CDS isolated the PS and demanded the creation of a Civil Protection Benefit, leading another alternative coalition. The Constitutional Court (TC) has already vetoed the creation of this rate when three municipalities – Lisbon, Gaia and Setúbal – tried to implement it at the local level. The government wanted to approve it at the national level and introduce it into the state budget for 2019, but Parliament has prevented the proposal of further development.
PSD, Bloque de Esquerda and CDS-PP have submitted proposals for amendments to eliminate the creation of this fee. PCP announced that it would join the vote, creating the majority needed to pull the handbrake and prevent the progress of the proposal. We recall that this measure was adopted by the Municipality of Lisbon when António Costa was president of the autarchy and ultimately declared it unconstitutional by the TC.
Although this is an unusual combination of forces, this outcome is not a surprise. In early November, the Observer had already expected this vote, when it became apparent that the parliamentary majority was unfavorable to the progress of this measure.