About 700 people are infected with HIV in Slovenia. Their lifespan is permanently extended with effective drugs, as well as quality of life. However, the infected and patients still face a lot of problems, especially in the social environment.
Mitja Ćošić from the company Legebitra says there is no person with a leuk, which in the health care system will not have any discrimination. They even face cases when a health condition is denied to the infected person. One of those who faced such an experience has filed a lawsuit against a healthcare professional and has succeeded. Stigma due to this disease is significant, and for infected it also represents the biggest and worst side effect of damage. People hide the infection. "If I ask my clients about this, they say that their problems are not caused by medication or visited by doctors. Most of the problems are stigma and fear of social isolation, verbal references, strange attitudes," he said Janez Tomažič from the Ljubljana Clinic for Infectious Diseases.
The path to destigmatizing the infection with the hiv virus is probably still long, but it starts with every individual. "If we put ourselves in the role of a person who just learned of HIV infection, it should awaken empathic emotions in us, especially health workers, and we are encouraged to help reduce the stigma. Sometimes we can do most in the voice of the one who does not speak, she said Veronika Jagodić Basic, President of the Section of Nurses and Medical Technicians in the Department of Internal Medicine and Infection in the Home – Association.
Slovenia is one of the countries that can be said to provide very healthy health care for people living with HIV, and insured people are entitled to all medicines. Patients in our country receive regular specialist examinations that are accessible to everyone, controls are carefully managed, the latest and best drugs with minimal side effects are available and, if possible, point to different diagnostic and preventive examinations, "said Jagodić Bašičeva.
People are still not aware that great progress has been made in the treatment of HIV and AIDS, drugs are effective, patients expect a high age and live well, and Tomažič is on a round table STAkluba he expressed confidence that in the fight against discrimination, there would be tremendous activities if the disease changed its name. People with effective treatment are not contagious, it was clear and emphasized that many experts at the level of primary health care (eg In dentistry) do not know this. In an effort to reduce the stigma, he worked with NGOs for a year, before reaching that the health card is no longer available data on the drugs that are infected with grapes.
Last year in Slovenia, 39 infected grasses were discovered, of which 32 were infected this year. Data on the total number of reported cases of new diagnoses show that they are lower than the actual number. They depend not only on the number of people living with grapes but also on the level of testing, which is relatively small compared to many other European countries.
Evita Leskovšek from the National Institute of Public Health said that many people do not even know about their status and have called for testing. Experience has shown that many, especially older than 50, do not even think they could be infected. Most do not even know the name of the person who can infect them. "Test yourself, others will be provided by experts," Tomazic concluded. Five years ago, there was a rather late diagnosis. People came to the test when the immune system was already closed, a quarter of them already developed an AIDS. The number of late diagnoses are now decreasing, but they want more regular tests. It is important that the patient comes early enough for treatment, because in this case the survival possibilities are even greater. With us, the consequences of infection die up to five people a year.
The vast majority of those infected with bird flu are men who have sex with men, two percent are those who use drugs, and three percent of children are infected with diseases. Five teenagers aged 10 to 24 years are infected every minute in a world with bird flu. Tanja Povšič from the City Association of Friends of Youth Ljubljana, emphasized that young people are still not aware of safe sex and that sexual education should be addressed in an interdisciplinary way (psychological aspect, communication skills, interpersonal relations). Considering that every fifth of the 15th is already sexually active, education about healthy and safe sex should be started early, Povsiceva said. The workshops for safe sex are in the program Young, healthy and conscious in secondary schools, they notice that the topic of sexuality among young people remains taboo. The NIJ research has shown that, if they have more information, young people are waiting for their first sexual intercourse and possibly another partner, Leskovsk explained.
According to the Povšice assessment, parents who usually talk about girls with children can play a greater role in prevention, mainly on contraception, but not about the prevention of transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Also, in school curricula, the content of sexual education is not systematically regulated and is mainly based on the enthusiasm of individual teachers, noted the participants of the round table.
Are you the parent who cares?
Participate in lectures on youth, hivu and stigma: on Monday, December 3rd, on the fourth floor of Studio Moderne, Litostrojska 52, Ljubljana.
Most commonly, the virus can be infected with unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person and exposure to infected blood, especially when infected needles for injecting drugs are shared. It is also possible to transfer from an infected mother to a child during pregnancy, during work or after breastfeeding.
In 2017, nearly 160,000 newly discovered people with HIV in the European region, accompanied by the World Health Organization, are a worrying picture. It encourages that the overall growth trend is not as steep as before. In the eastern part of the region, more than 130,000 new hive diagnoses have been recorded in recent times. In contrast, countries of the European Union and the European Economic Area (EU / EEA) reported declining rates of new diagnoses, mainly due to a 20% reduction in new diagnoses in men who have sex with men.